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Name Rank And Serial Number Geneva Convention Article

name rank and serial number geneva convention article


Name Rank And Serial Number Geneva Convention Article >



























































Prisoners of war, with the exception of officers, must salute and show to all officers of the Detaining Power the external marks of respect provided for by the regulations applying in their own forces. of assuring their repatriation with the least possible delay. Article 70 . The Parties to the conflict should further endeavour to bring into force, by means of special agreements, all or part of the other provisions of the present Convention. Article 114 . Parties to the conflict shall communicated to each other the names of those who will be detained until the end of the proceedings or the completion of the punishment. Throughout the duration of hostilities, Parties to the conflict shall endeavour, with the cooperation of the neutral Powers concerned, to make arrangements for the accommodation in neutral countries of the sick and wounded prisoners of war referred to in the second paragraph of the following Article.


Any neutral Power or any organization invited by the Power concerned or offering itself for these purposes, shall be required to act with a sense of responsibility towards the Party to the conflict on which persons protected by the present Convention depend, and shall be required to furnish sufficient assurances that it is in a position to undertake the appropriate functions and to discharge them impartially. Chapter V . Such prisoners of war shall have the right to remain in communication with the prisoners' representatives in the camps on which they depend. Other offences shall not thereafter be made punishable by the death penalty without the concurrence of the Power upon which the prisoners of war depend. It specifically prohibits murder, mutilation, torture, cruel, humiliating and degrading treatment, the taking of hostages and unfair trial.It requires that the wounded, sick and shipwrecked be collected and cared for.It grants the ICRC the right to offer its services to the parties to the conflict.It calls on the parties to the conflict to bring all or parts of the Geneva Conventions into force through so-called special agreements.It recognizes that the application of these rules does not affect the legal status of the parties to the conflict.Given that most armed conflicts today are non-international, applying Common Article 3 is of the utmost importance. The present Convention shall be applied with the cooperation and under the scrutiny of the Protecting Powers whose duty it is to safeguard the interests of the Parties to the conflict.


A Central Prisoners of War Information Agency shall be created in a neutral country. Titles and ranks which are subsequently created shall form the subject of similar communications. Article 116 . At the request of a Party to the conflict, an enquiry shall be instituted, in a manner to be decided between the interested Parties, concerning any alleged violation of the Convention. The Parties to the conflict shall be bound to give effect to the proposals made to them for this purpose. No prisoner of war shall be compelled to accept liberty on parole or promise. Every prisoner of war shall have at his disposal the credit balance of his account as provided for in the following Article, within the limits fixed . The function of the Agency shall be to collect all the information it may obtain through official or private channels respecting prisoners of war, and to transmit it as rapidly as possible to the country of origin of the prisoners of war or to the Power on which they depend.


Correspondence, relief shipments and authorized remittances of money addressed to prisoners of war or despatched by them through the post office, either direct or through the Information Bureaux provided for in Article 122 and the Central Prisoners of War Agency provided for in Article 123, shall be exempt from any postal dues, both in the countries of origin and destination, and in intermediate countries. Prisoners of war shall, as far as possible, be associated with the preparation of their meals; they may be employed for that purpose in the kitchens. Articles of value and foreign currency which, for any reason whatever, are not restored to prisoners of war on repatriation, shall be despatched to the Information Bureau set up under Article 122. The High Contracting Parties shall communicate to one another through the Swiss Federal Council and, during hostilities, through the Protecting Powers, the official translations of the present Convention, as well as the laws and regulations which they may adopt to ensure the application thereof. Article 40 .


Furthermore, if a prisoner of war is finally convicted or if a sentence pronounced on a prisoner of war in the first instance is a death sentence, the Detaining Power shall as soon as possible address to the Protecting Power a detailed communication containing: . Officers, non-commissioned officers and men who are prisoners of war undergoing a disciplinary or judicial punishment, shall not be subjected to more severe treatment than that applied in respect of the same punishment to members of the armed forces of the Detaining Power of equivalent rank. They shall be allowed, on their request, to be present at the daily medical inspections. Nevertheless if that Power fails to carry out the provisions of the Convention in any important respect, the Power by whom the prisoners of war . Prisoners of war other than officers and prisoners of equivalent status shall be treated with the regard due to their rank and age. If no evidence is submitted, at the opening of a trial, that the notification referred to above was received by the Protecting Power, by the prisoner of war and by the prisoners' representative concerned, at least three weeks before the opening of the trial, then the latter cannot take place and must be adjourned. (a) Shall continue to credit the accounts of the prisoners with the amounts indicated in the first paragraph above; . If a POW finds that, under intense coercion, he unwillingly or accidentally discloses unauthorized information, the Service member should attempt to recover and resist with a fresh line of mental defense.POW experience has shown that although enemy interrogation sessions may be harsh and cruel, it is usually possible to resist, if there is a will to resist.The best way for a POW to keep faith with the United States, fellow POWs, and oneself is to provide the enemy with as little information as possible.What Military Personnel Need to KnowSpecifically, Service members should:Be familiar with the various aspects of the interrogation process, its phases, the procedures, methods and techniques of interrogation, and the interrogator's goals, strengths, and weaknesses.Understand that the Geneva Conventions and the CoC require a POW to disclose name, rank, service number, and date of birth, when questioned. 4bf8f11bb1

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